GENERAL COMPARISON OF THE IMPACT OF LOCAL SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT PLANS AND DEVELOPMENT CONDITIONS FOR SMALL TOWNS IN THE ┼ÜWI─śTOKRZYSKIE VOIVODESHIP

PAWEŁ PEDRYCZ

ABSTRACT

Small towns constitute an essential element of the Polish urban landscape and a constituent of the material heritage of the country. Their natural features are consistent with the principles of sustainable development, which determine their potential. That said, nowadays small towns are experiencing an economic, social and spatial crisis. Given the observed phenomena, it is appropriate to verify how the basic planning tool - Local Spatial Development Plans and the additional Development Conditions - affect the quality of space in small towns. To this end, a survey was conducted for a representative group of 42 Świętokrzyskie towns. Subject to analysis were the strategies used to regulate space (LSDPs, DPs, mixed) and the condition of space in small towns. The spatial assessment was made through local inspections, the observations of which were compared with a reference list of features, prepared through a synthesis of literature. The survey proved that the general (related to planning) and detailed (related to individual elements) condition of space in towns is far from the reference model (and therefore inappropriate), and this effect is not affected by the spatial regulation method. On this basis, it was concluded that it is not only the Decisions on Development Conditions, but also the Local Spatial Development Plans, that represent inappropriate tools regulating the development of small towns in their present legal form.

Keywords: towns, spatial planning, urban planning, local spatial development plan, development conditions

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